In terms of writing for a research article or educational purposes, an abstract is an importance part of a research paper acting as the opener just before an introduction. Its main purpose is to provide a short descriptive summary of the article. Most abstract can be seen written to allow readers to get a quick good overview of the main idea of the article.
So, a clear and concise abstract comprises the 5 main key components. They are:
- Aim/Purpose of writing:
- What is the main idea conducting this research? What is the reason behind it?
- Problem Statement:
- What problem is the research trying to deal? What is the main argument here?
- Research Method
- What method or approach has the research implemented to achieve its goal? How is the data being collected? How is the data procedure being done?
- From the data gathered, what vital information has been collected? Does the data match the goal of the research?
- What conclusion can be made at the end of the research? What are the changes that should be made to the findings?
In layman terms, the Wh- Questions will be like:
- What is the thing about?
- Why am I writing this?
- What is the goal I’m going to achieve?
- How is this thing done?
- How is this thing important?
- Whom am I writing this to?
Finally, many readers refer to the abstract as to get an understanding how is the research done without having to read the whole article. Readers should be able to get the gist out of the abstract, such as what was done and the significance of the results. Of course, the abstract itself is able to stand alone. It should be understood separately from the whole article.